UK growth held back as bosses lose trust of middle management

  • Only a third of middle managers trust their senior leaders
  • High-growth organisations over four times more likely to have high trust levels
  • Lack of communication to middle management level blamed

[22 September] - British business growth is being undermined from within by widespread mistrust of senior managers, according to a new report published today [22 September] by the Chartered Management Institute (CMI) and leadership events specialist Top Banana.

Just one in three (36%) of the 1,456 middle managers surveyed for The Middle Manager Lifeline say they fully trust their senior leaders. This breakdown is corroding wider employee trust in organisations, with four in five middle managers believing that staff lack full trust in their CEO.

Mistrust of the boss is found to be closely linked to business performance and growth. 85% of business leaders and managers agree trust is critical to business performance: the report finds that fast-growing organisations are four-and-a-half times more likely to report a high degree of trust between middle and senior management.

Low trust levels reflect a communication breakdown, with only 37% agreeing that their leadership team is transparent. This ‘trust gap’ means only 31% of managers are ‘very confident’ in communicating company guidance and strategy to their teams.

The trust gap is particularly worrying in the wake of the Brexit vote, according to Ann Francke, CMI chief executive, who says:

“The Brexit vote reflected a breakdown of trust in politicians, businesses and other institutions. Rebuilding it isn’t just a requirement of our political leadership – it’s a profound management challenge for the nation.

 “These findings are a warning that a communication breakdown between leaders, middle managers and employees more widely is undermining growth. Leaders have to recognise the pivotal role played by middle managers at the heart of their organisations and support them to succeed in the months and years ahead.”

Middle managers interviewed for the report want greater transparency from the top: they want senior leaders to reveal their thinking on important issues (63%) but also to admit their mistakes (54%) and encourage people to raise issues (51%) with them. At present, less than one in ten (9%) are given the chance to feedback on information they’re required to share with their teams as a matter of course.

The result is a gulf in perceptions between senior leaders and middle managers. Some 72% of leaders think that they’re highly trusted as a manager – yet only 36% of middle managers say that they trust their business leader to a great extent.

Bridging the gap between senior leaders and middle managers has never been more important, according to Nick Terry, co-founder and managing director of Top Banana, who says:

“There is a clear trust illusion in our organisations. Business leaders may think that it’s there but the reality is, the further away you get from the leader, the more of an issue trust becomes. Ultimately, trust is personal and therefore leaders need to create opportunities to communicate with their managers candidly, honestly and with an open heart

 “The UK’s business landscape has changed unrecognisably with an informed, empowered generation of people entering the workforce. They’ve grown up with information at their fingertips and nothing less than the truth will wash. There’s never been a more important time to build the bridge between leadership and middle management.”

The report sets out five essential elements for organisations to bridge the trust gap, recognising middle managers as the key connectors across organisations and creating ‘CIVIC’ engagement across the workforce.

  1. Communications – committing to an open and honest relationship with middle managers.
  2. Integrity – challenging everyone, regardless of seniority, to act according to stated values
  3. Visibility – ensuring those at the top are seen to be accountable for their actions and open to challenge
  4. Interaction - creating meaningful opportunities for colleagues to meet and feedback to senior management
  5. Connections – investing in training and development at all levels to equip them with the professional skills to communicate and manage their teams

Visit for more information, or get involved with the debate on Twitter @CMI_managers @wearetopbanana



Notes to editors

Survey sample

This report is based on an online survey of 1,456 managers across the UK, comprising a wide range of roles and levels of seniority. Senior leaders were asked a separate but comparable set of questions. Survey fieldwork was carried out from June to July 2016

About CMI

  • The Chartered Management Institute (CMI) is the only chartered professional body for management and leadership, dedicated to improving managers’ skills and growing the number of qualified managers.

  • Our professional management qualifications span GCSE to PhD equivalent levels, including the unique Chartered Manager award, which increases earnings potential and improves workplace performance.
  • We provide employers and individual managers with access to the latest management thinking and with practical online support which helps them embrace change, create high performing teams and keep ahead of the curve.

  • With a member community of 136,000+ managers and leaders, we promote high standards of ethical practice through our Professional Code of Conduct, and help managers build their expertise through online networks, regional events and mentoring opportunities.

About Top Banana

Top Banana create leadership driven events and communications that originate from a strategic vision. Working with senior leadership, and their teams, Top Banana create a complete live event and supporting communication strategy to emotionally engage teams around important business messages. The company provides services from venue sourcing and pre-event engagement through to full event delivery and cascade campaigns, including video production, digital and print communication.

Senior counsel at the start of every project ensures relevant and strategic creative concepts that work to address the business challenges head on, as well as clearly defined objectives resulting in events and supporting communications that make a measurable difference. An award-winning company, Top Banana’s clients include Barclaycard, Bentley, Danone and Whitbread.

Visit for more information, and follow us on Twitter @wearetopbanana

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